Political and Tariff Reform Posters
This collection covers the period c1892-1910 and consists of 88 posters produced for the Conservative and Unionist Party, the Labour Party, the Liberal Party, the Liberal Unionist Council and the Tariff Reform League. In the main they cover the period when Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Arthur Balfour, Henry Campbell-Bannerman and Herbert Asquith successively held the post of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
The main themes of this collection are the Second Boer War (1899-1902), Tariff Reform and the conflict between Protectionism and Free Trade, the question of Irish Home Rule and issues around Immigration. They have been arranged by political party rather than in the themes of the collection.
Some of the key figures of the period that have been caricatured in these posters are Arthur Balfour (Prime Minister, 1902-1905), Henry Campbell-Bannerman (Prime Minister, 1905-1908) and Herbert Asquith (Prime Minister, 1908-1915). Future Prime Minister David Lloyd George also features as does John Redmond (Irish Parliamentary Leader,1900-1918), Joseph Chamberlain (Leader of the Liberal Unionists) and James Keir Hardie (1st elected Independent Labour Party Member of Parliament). The armed forces are represented by cartoon impressions of General Haldane and the First Lord of the Admiralty, McKenna. John Bull is also often depicted to represent the Great British public, as Uncle Sam and Kaiser Bill do to represent the American and German peoples respectively.
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